Tooth filling is the restoration of the empty space emerging after the cleaning of the caries and other remains from a decayed tooth with a material suitable to the tooth’s normal form and proven to be stable for a long time without causing any problems.
Composite fillings are those which are used for caries, broken teeth and for aesthetical purposes and they have the same color as teeth. These fillings are placed as layers in the cavities prepared in advance and each layer is hardened by the use of a special light. They are aesthetical and economical. They do not cause unnecessary loss of tooth tissue, since they can hold onto to the tooth by the use of a special “bonding” adhesive. This method can be used for not only restoring the caries but also for changing the color of the teeth for cosmetic purposes.
Porcelain fillings are a very aesthetical and enduring type of fillings. This is due to the fact that porcelain fillings are prepared in laboratories and not inside the mouth. After removing the broken, decayed part or the old fillings; the tooth is measured and the figures are sent to the laboratory. In the laboratory, the model is prepared with the use of a very precise technology and then taken to the special IPS machine for creating perfectly aesthetical and functional fillings
They are prepared by compounding an alloy made up of silver, stannic and copper with 45-50% quicksilver. The cavity, after removing the decayed parts, is filled with the amalgam filling material. The treated area mustn’t be used for two hours and it is strictly advised that nothing hard should be chewed within 24 hours. After 24 hours, the filling becomes stiff enough and is polished.