GUM DISEASE

Symptoms of Gingivitis/Gum Disease:

The first and most important symptom of gum disease is bleeding of gums. Besides bleeding gums if you are suffering from:

  • Gum swelling or redness that recurs
  • Gingival recession, resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth.
  • Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums where you can see black spots caused by plaque (pockets are sites where the attachment has been gradually destroyed by collagen-destroying enzyme
  • Infection in between teeth or teeth and gum.
  • Loose teeth.
  • Oral Malodor/bad breath, and a persistent metallic taste in the mouth.

You should see your dentist immediately

Gumdisease

What are the causes of gum disease?

The primary cause of gingivitis/gum disease is poor oral hygiene which leads to the accumulation of a bacterial matrix at the gum line, called dental plaque. By scraping your tooth surface with your finger nails you can easily identify plaque. In each milligram of dental plaque there exist about 200-500 million bacteria. If not removed, bacterial plaque stiffens and results in tartar. Toxins produced by the bacteria harms the gums, which, in the initial stage, results in gum inflammation and later, if not treated, causes jaw bone decay. Besides plaque factors which affect your gingival health are as follows:

  • GENETICAL FACTORS
  • SMOKING
  • USING of MEDICINES
  • HORMONAL CHANGES
  • STRESS
  • CLANCHING OR GRINDING TEETH
  • MALNUTRITION
  • DIABETES
  • UNSUCCESSFUL CROWNING OR DENTAL BRIDGE WORK